This course consists in an introduction to formal semantics, formal pragmatics and to the formal and experimental methods in the study of linguistic meaning, as well as to the relationship between linguistics and cognitive science. The acquisition of these competences constitutes an essential aspect of the learning process envisaged within the course of study in Linguistics. Expected results: - Adequate knowledge of the analyses of meaning produced within the tradition of studies in formal semantics and the philosophy of language - Adequate knowledge of the context-driven aspects of meaning, including the broad cognitive aspects, as investigated in formal and experimental pragmatics - The ability to read and understand even technical contributions in semantics and pragmatics - The skill to use the right concepts and a correct scientific terminology when discussing issues of meaning in natural language, as well as the skill to apply some of the most common experimental methods in this scientific field.
This course is intended to provide an introduction to the concepts and methods proper to the theory of meaning for natural language.
The first part of the course will consist in an analysis of the compositionality of meaning, by means of a detailed analysis of the notions of reference, truth, logical entailment and functional application. The main technical features of propositional logic and predicate calculus will be introduced and practically trained with exercises and specific applications.
The second part of the course will address the relationship between language and context, by introducing the participants to the main developments in formal and experimental pragmatics, with a focus on post-Gricean models and Relevance Theory.
The course will crucially include some training in first-order logic and an introduction to the methods and techniques in experimental pragmatics.
|Paul R. Kroeger||Analyzing meaning. An introduction to semantics and pragmatics||Language Science Press||2018|
The oral exam will consist in a series of questions aimed at checking whether the participants sufficiently master the notions and the methods in formal semantics and experimental pragmatics presented and discussed during the course. During the exam, the participants will also be requested to do some exercises (on paper or at the blackboard).
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