The goal of this course is to have the student acquainted with some basic notions concerning several aspects of human language
Programme: Introduction to general and historical linguistics. 1) General linguistics: (prof. Graffi): the essential features of human language; basic notions of phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics. 2) Historical linguistics (prof. Cotticelli): notions of linguistic change, language relationship and language family, analogy, Indo-European languages and the langugue families of the world; models of language classification; models for the interpretation of linguistic change (Neogrammarian, geolinguistic, sociolinguistic).
Teaching methods: Traditional lectures and exercise classes
Oral examination, preceded by a written test (formed by a short phonetic dictation, a multiple choice test and open answers test).
Important notice: to pass the exam, it is necessary to show the knowledge of basic grammatical notions (e.g., to be able to recognize the ‘subject’, the ‘predicate’, the ‘object’, etc., of a clause, to distinguish among the several kinds of subordinate clauses, to correctly classify the different parts of speech, etc.). Such notions are available within any good school grammar. Furthermore, some exercises ad hoc will be held, with some bibliographical references.