The module aims to analyse the "copernican revolution" in pedagogy which started between the XIX and XX centuries from the new education movement in Europe and America and which was closely connected with the centrality of the person being educated. This centrality will be examined using different approaches and from various viewpoints (scientific, philosophical and religious) that characterise the movement.
1. reasons, aims and structure of the course; 2. a precursor to the pupil-centred revolution: J.J. Rousseau;
3. genesis and characteristics of the new education movement, with particular reference to J. Dewey, O. Decroly and M. Montessori; 4. new education and E. Dévaud.
Teaching Methods: The teaching methods used will be teacher-led, alternated with guided reading activities. Specific researches by the students will be supported.
For everyone: G. Chiosso, Novecento pedagogico, La Scuola, Brescia 1997, pp. 53-117. One book to be chosen from the following: J. Dewey, Il mio credo pedagogico, a cura di L. Borghi,La Nuova Italia, Firenze 1999; M. Montessori, La scoperta del bambino, Garzanti, Milano 1991; E. Dévaud, Per una scuola attiva secondo l'ordine cristiano, a cura di A. Agazzi, La Scuola, Brescia 1964. Non-attending students are additionally required to study two books to one's choise.
The final examination consists of an oral exam.
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