The module aims to analyse the "copernican revolution" in pedagogy which started between the XIX and XX centuries from the new education movement in Europe and America and which was closely connected with the centrality of the person being educated. This centrality will be examined using different approaches and from various viewpoints (scientific, philosophical and religious) that characterise the movement.
1. reasons, aims and structure of the course;
2. genesis and characteristics of the new education movement;
3. a precursor to the pupil-centred revolution: J.J. Rousseau;
4. J.J. Rousseau and J.H. Pestaozzi;
5. new education and Hebraism: J.H. Pestalozzi and J. Korczak.
The teaching methods used will be teacher-led, alternated with guided reading activities. Specific researches by the students will be supported.
For everyone: G. Chiosso, Novecento pedagogico, La Scuola, Brescia 1997, cap. 2. One book to be chosen from the following: J.J. Rousseau, Emilio, a cura di A. Visalberghi, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2003; Menschenbildung. L'idea di formazione dell'uomo in J.H. Pestalozzi, a cura di P. Levrero, il melangolo, Genova 2014; L. Giuliani, Korczak. L'umanesimo a misura di bambino, Il Margine, Trento 2016. Non-attending students are additionally required to study two books to one's choise.
The final examination consists of an oral exam.
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