This course aims at presenting, through the use of archaeological sources, the main features and developments of both urban and rural settlements of the Roman period between the Late Republican era and Late Antiquity (2nd BC-5th AD), with particular emphasis on the Italian Peninsula and Sicily. However, this will not exclude the presentation of case studies from the Roman Provinces too. As such, at the end of the course, students are expected to: 1. have developed a specific vocabulary to describe and discuss urban and rural settlements in the Roman period; 2. know the main research methods; 3. identify the main processes of transformation occurred at urban and rural sites in the Roman period (plans, architecture, functions); 4. have familiarized with the historical geography of Roman Italy and the Provinces discussed over the course.
No prerequisite required.
The course will be divided into two parts.
One will analyze the topography, the use of spaces and the main architectural features of Roman towns between the 2nd BC and 5th AD.
The other part will focus on rural settlement patterns, the ways in which landscape was exploited, craft-working in rural areas and settlement hierarchies in the Roman countryside.
Contexts from Roman Italy will be prioritized, however, case studies from the Roman Provinces will be used too.
The course will only be composed of frontal lectures, during which Power Point presentations with a rich repertoire of figures and images will be used.
Students are expected to study accurately the suggested bibliography and to know the topics presented in the lectures.
1. Annalisa, Marzano. 2007. Roman villas in central Italy: a social and economic history. Leiden; Boston: Brill (ONLY a selection of pages that will be pointed out in the next few weeks).
2. Stephen, Dyson. 2003. The Roman countryside. London: Duckworth. (WHOLE book).
3. Paul, Zanker. 2017 (last edition). La città romana. Rome-Bari: Laterza. (WHOLE volume).
4. Giorgio, Bejor, Maria Teresa, Grassi, Stefano, Maggi, Fabrzio, Slavazzi. 2011 (or more recent editions). Arte e Archeologia delle Province Romane. Milan: Mondadori (ONLY parts on Britannia pp. 111-119, Greece pp. 152-160 and both Asia Minore and Anatolian Provinces pp. 160-199).
Students are strongly encouraged to attend the lectures; those who will not be able to attend the course are expected to contact the lecturer for a meeting.
Oral exam aimed at verifying a thorough knowledge of the materials presented at the lectures, as well as those from the mandatory readings.
Students unable to attend the lectures will also need to write a review of two papers that will be assigned by the lecturer.