The course is made of two parts, of 30 hours each: the first one is held by Vincenza Zangara (Church History), the second one by Emanuele Curzel (Medieval History).
In the second part, the course aims to introduce students to a specific topic about medieval society and institutions, to show them a research method and to provide them with skills to carry out individual research on Middle Age history.
At the end of the course, the student will be able to:
(a) report the main contents of the course, using an appropriate vocabulary;
(b) expose methods that have been used in the research path to reach determined conclusions;
(c) analyze a historical source about the subjects covered in the teaching describing the features and articulations of its form and content
(d) judge the results of the research critically, hypothesising different solutions or proposing further research.
General knowledge about Middle Age history is required. Latin language skills will help you understand texts that will be proposed.
The course focuses upon pastoral care in the Middle Ages and its changes since the 13th century, when the number of churches with a resident priest increased:
- the role of old baptismal churches
- the birth of parishes: theory and practice
- rights and duties of the chapels
- communities in action.
Themes will be dealt with by analyzing specific documents and cases.
- Didactic methods: lectures and dialogues; reading of historical sources. Students will be invited to produce written texts on the topics discussed during the course.
- Learning activities: class attendance; written exercises of summary and re-elaboration of notes; written exercises on the texts proposed by the teacher; reading and studying the bibliography.
I. Essays and parts of Italian language books:
* Cinzio Violante, Pievi e parrocchie nell’Italia centrosettentrionale durante i secoli XI e XII, in Le istituzioni ecclesiastiche della “Societas Christiana” dei secoli XI-XII. Diocesi, pievi e parrocchie, Milano 1977, pp. 643-799.
* Cinzio Violante, Sistemi organizzativi della cura d'anime in Italia tra Medioevo e Rinascimento. Discorso introduttivo, in Pievi e parrocchie in Italia nel basso medioevo (sec. XIII-XV), Roma 1984, pp. 3-41.
* Emanuele Curzel, Le pievi trentine. Trasformazioni e continuità nell'organizzazione territoriale della cura d'anime dalle origini al XIII secolo, Bologna 1999, pp. 3-98 (new edition 2016 open access: pp. 9-107).
* Emanuele Curzel, Chiese trentine. Ricerche storiche su territori, persone e istituzioni, Verona 2005, pp. 11-125, 163-178 (open access).
* Daniela Rando, Ai confini d'Italia. Chiese e comunità alpine in prospettiva comparata, in L'Italia alla fine del medioevo: i caratteri originali nel quadro europeo, Firenze, University Press, 2006, I, pp. 164-186.
* Giancarlo Andenna, Pievi e parrocchie in Italia centro-settentrionale, in Pensiero e sperimentazioni istituzionali nella “Societas Christiana” (1046-1250), Milano 2007, pp. 371-405.
* Emanuele Curzel, L'organizzazione ecclesiastica nelle campagne, in "Reti Medievali Rivista", 11 (2010), n. 1 (www.rivista.retimedievali.it).
* Emanuele Curzel, Pievi e altre chiese trentine nei secoli centrali del medioevo. Interpretazioni, fonti, studi e sfasature, in APSAT 10. Chiese trentine dalle origini al 1250, Mantova 2013, pp. 15-26 (open access).
II. Essays in a foreign language. One essay, chosen among:
* Immacolata Saulle Hippenmeyer, Nachbarschaft, Pfarrei und Gemeinde in Graubünden 1400-1600, Chur 1997, pp. 13-83.
* Pierrette Paravy, De la Chrétienté romaine à la Riforme en Dauphiné. Évêques, fidèles et déviants (vers 1340-vers 1530), Rome 1993, pp. 167-234.
* Beat A. Kümin, The Shaping of a Community: Rise and Reformation of the English Parish, c. 1400-1560, Aldesrhot 1996, pp. 13-64, 148-182.
The choice of the essay must be communicated to the teacher at least three days before the exam. No details will be required: it will be enough to show that you have understood some of the main contents and you are able to place them in the general context.
III. Legislative and documentary sources that will be presented during the course and will be put online during the course (spring 2018).
Not-attending students are required to agree upon a programme with the teacher.
WARNING: The part (6 credits) is the second one of the course (12 credits). You can only enroll for the whole exam; the date will be indicated by professor Curzel. You can sustain the second part of the exam only after the first one (prof.ssa Zangara) within the same exam call. The vote will be recorded only after both the parts have been passed.
Oral exam. The students will have to demonstrate knowledge of the subject presented during the course, using an appropriate vocabulary and exposing the methods used in the research path. The analysis of a historical source will also be part of the exam.